Bequest: A gift of a monetary sum or property derived from the estate of a deceased individual through a will given into the permanent possession of the University. The income may be used to fund prizes, bursaries and/or scholarships. A bequest is sometimes also called a legacy.
Bursary: An award carrying financial advantage in undertaking a specified course of study which also takes into account special needs and circumstances of applicants. The advantage is usually in the form of full or partial payment to cover fees, or meeting of costs associated with the course of study such as living costs, purchase of books, or accommodation.
Codicil: A document that amends, rather than replaces, a previously executed will. Amendments made by a codicil may add or revoke a few small provisions (e.g., after something is sold or bought), or may completely change the majority of the devises and bequests. Each codicil must contain the same legal requirements as the original will, such as the signatures of the testator and two or three disinterested witnesses.
Contingent Bequest: A gift that takes place only if the testator is not survived by certain individuals or if other stated conditions are not met. A contingent bequest can be either a specific bequest or a residuary bequest.
‘Cy près’: When a gift is made by will or trust and the named recipient of the gift no longer conducts the activity for which the gift is made, then in some cases the estate or trustee may make the gift to the faculty/department which comes closest to fulfilling the purpose of the gift.
Designated Gift: Bequests and planned gifts may also be designated to a faculty, area of research/study, or pre-existing Foundation. In this case, the University will establish Regulations under Statute 11.1.1 to formally record the wishes of the donor as expressed through the wording of their will. Faculty heads (Deans) will decide on the best way to apply the funds.
Endowment: An endowed fund, named for the donor or another person the donor chooses to honour, the income from which is usually for a designated purpose. Named endowments are co-mingled with other endowments for investment purposes, but accounted for separately.
Executor: The person named in a will to administer an estate. If there is no will or if the executor appointed in the will cannot for some reason perform such duties, the person appointed by the court to settle the estate is called the “administrator.”
“Intention to Make a Bequest” document: A document that details the donor’s intent to make a planned gift by his or her Will, and outlines the donor’s wishes.
Probate: The court-supervised process of exhibiting and proving a will by the executor of an estate, and the obtaining of a certificate from the court to show that the will has been proved.
Prize: A reward given to a student or staff member in recognition of outstanding achievement in academic or work related studies.
Proportional Bequests: A percentage of an estate, asset or a percentage of the net estate.
Residuary Bequests: Gifts of the remainder of a deceased estate after specific bequests, debts, taxes and other expenses have been paid. A residuary bequest may be all of the remainder of any estate, or a percentage of the remainder.
Scholarship: A merit award based on academic performance which provides financial advantage to students undertaking a specified course of study. The advantage is usually in the form of full or partial payment to cover fees, or meeting of costs associated with the course of study such as living costs, purchase of books, or accommodation.
Specific Bequests: Defined gifts of assets made by Will such as a particular amount of money, a particular parcel of real estate, or specific books, shares or jewellery.
Trust: A mechanism that for example allows a spouse or other person to use property and receive all income derived from an estate in their lifetime; Monash University can be nominated to receive the capital after their death.
Trustee: The person or institution that holds legal title to property in a trust and has responsibility for managing it.
Unrestricted Gift: A gift that the donor has determined should be free of circumscriptions, thereby providing the University with the flexibility to use the gift where it is needed most. It may be spent immediately on an urgent issue, or added to the University’s endowment fund. Such a decision is made by the University Council.
Will (also: Last Will and Testament): In the common law, a document by which a person (the testator) attempts to regulate the rights of others over his/her property or family after death. A will can also be used as the instrument establishing a trust (called a testamentary trust).